Mary J. Hutzler

Distinguished Senior Fellow

Mary J. Hutzler is a Senior Fellow at IER. Until she left Government in 2006, she was a top energy analyst for the U.S. Government, having spent more than 25 years at the Energy Information Administration (EIA), where she specialized in data collection, analysis, and forecasting.

Beginning in 2004, Hutzler worked as the Associate Director of Statistical Programs at the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS), serving 14 months as the Associate Director and 6 months as the Acting Director of BTS. In the latter job, Hutzler ran the bureau’s daily operations, briefed Administration officials and Congressional staff, and managed BTS’s data and analysis programs. As Associate Director, Hutzler managed large-scale freight and travel surveys and all analytical research, including new statistical methods and estimation of transportation data.

In 2001, Hutzler was named by President Bush to lead the EIA as Acting Administrator. In this role, she testified before Congressional committees, briefed policymakers on energy issues, held press conferences on EIA products, and interacted with energy organizations on controversial issues dealing with EIA data collections. In recognition of her achievements, Hutzler received a 2004 Presidential Rank Award, an honor by which the president “recognizes and celebrates a small group of career senior executives.”

Before and after her stint as the acting administrator and deputy administrator of EIA, which lasted from June 2001 to March 2003, Hutzler was director of the EIA’s Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting. As such, she planned, directed, and managed all mid- and long-term analysis and forecasting at EIA, as well as the production of EIA’s annual forecasting publications. Hutzler oversaw development of the National Energy Modeling System, for which she received a Presidential Rank Award in 1999. She also produced numerous studies for both Congress and the Administration on various key topics, such as the Kyoto Protocol, low-sulfur diesel rules, the depletion of oil and gas reserves, and Renewable Portfolio Standards.

Hutzler received her B.A. in mathematics from Adelphi University, her M.A. in applied mathematics from the University of Maryland, and completed her course work and exams for a D.Sc. in operations research at George Washington University.

Robert P. Murphy

Senior Economist

Robert P. Murphy is an economist with IER specializing in climate change. His research focuses on the proper discount rate to be used in cost-benefit analyses and the implications of structural uncertainty for policy solutions.

Murphy received his Ph.D. in economics from New York University in 2003, where he wrote his dissertation on capital and interest theory. After teaching at Hillsdale College for three years, he moved to the financial sector to work as an analyst for Arthur Laffer (of Laffer Curve fame). In addition to his role at IER, Murphy is a financial consultant, providing forecasts on interest and exchange rates, growth, and inflation.

Murphy has written over 100 articles for the layman on free-market economics and is the author of The Politically Incorrect Guide to Capitalism (Regnery 2007). He has also given numerous radio interviews and public lectures on economic topics.

Besides employing these popular outlets, Murphy has written study guides for the economic treatises of Murray Rothbard and Ludwig von Mises, and designed a Home Study Course in Austrian School economics. He has also published several scholarly articles and notes in peer-reviewed journals, including The Journal of the History of Economic ThoughtThe American Journal of Economics and Sociology, and The Review of Austrian Economics.

Robert J. Michaels

Senior Fellow

Robert J. Michaels, senior fellow of IER, is Professor of Economics at California State University, Fullerton and an Adjunct Scholar of the Cato Institute .

Dr. Michaels holds an A.B. from the University of Chicago and a PhD from the University of California, Los Angeles. His expertise is in the economics of industrial organization, and his research is centered on deregulation and the emergence of competitive markets in electricity and natural gas. He has been named Outstanding Professor in the College of Business and Economics and serves as Co-Editor of Contemporary Economic Policy, a major peer-reviewed journal. His research regularly appears in academic, industry and legal journals, including Public Utilities Fortnightly, The Electricity Journal and Energy Law Journal.

He is also a consultant who has advised and provided expert testimony on behalf of independent power producers, natural gas producers, power marketers, industrial electricity users, domestic and foreign electric utilities, regulatory commissions and public interest organizations (including IER). He has testified before the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, California Public Utilities Commission, and other regulatory bodies, as well the the U.S. House of Representatives. He frequently speaks on emerging economic and political issues at corporate and industry events. His column, “Power Moves” appears biweekly in Scudder Publications’ New Power Executive and The Desk.

His more recent research includes work on electricity market monitoring. He has presented invited testimony before the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission in its ongoing rulemaking on market monitors. Other research includes several publications on “renewable portfolio standards” that will require utilities to purchase certain quotas of power from unconventional generation sources.