North Carolina Renewable Electricity Mandate Status

Download North Carolina’s renewable electricity PDF

north carolina renewable electricity mandate statusRenewable Mandate Status: Unknown (unimplemented)

  • 2009 Estimated Qualified Renewable Generation: 1.5%[i]
  • 2009 Renewable Mandate: None
  • 2021 Renewable Mandate: 12.5% for IOU’s (10% for municipal utilities and cooperatives by 2018) [ii]

Eligible Resources: Solar Water Heat, Solar Space Heat, Solar Thermal Electric, Solar Thermal Process Heat, Photovoltaics, Landfill Gas, Wind, Biomass, Geothermal Electric, CHP/Cogeneration, Hydrogen, Anaerobic Digestion, Small Hydroelectric, Tidal Energy, Wave Energy[iii]

  • Hydroelectric can meet up to 30% of requirement
  • Solar: 0.2% in 2018 , Swine Waste: 0.2% in 2018 Poultry Waste: 900 GWh in 2014[iv]

Compliance schedule[v] for investor-owned utilities:[vi]

[table id=19 /]

Renewable portfolio history: In Aug 2007, NC Legislature passed Senate Bill 3, establishing RPS and in February 2008, the North Carolina Utilities Commission (NCUC) issued an order adopting final rules to implement the REPS. [vii]

  • Utilities may recover the incremental cost of renewable resources and up to $1 million in alternative energy research expenditures annually from customers. The cost per customer account is capped according to this schedule:

[table id=20 /]

Credit Trading: Yes

Noncompliance penalty: There are no specified penalties or alterative payments for noncompliance, however, the North Carolina Utilities Commission may enforce compliance through its general authorities.[viii]

Electricity Price Ranking: 24th Lowest[ix]

  • 8.53 cents/KWh in North Carolina
  • 7.67 cents/KWh in non-mandated states

[i] Electricity Generation Data: Energy Information Administration, Electricity Generation 2009,

[ii] General Assembly of North Carolina (2009).

[iii] “North Carolina,”

[iv] General Assembly of North Carolina (2009).

[v] Database of state Incentives for Renewables and Electricity, North Carolina.

[vi] Note that each year’s percentage requirement refers to the previous year’s electricity sales (i.e. the 2021 goal is 12.5% of 2020 retail sales).

[vii] Database of state Incentives for Renewables and Electricity, North Carolina.

[viii] See North Carolina General Statutes § 62-2,

[ix] EIA, Electric Power Monthly, Table 5.6.B., Average Retail Price of Electricity, June 2010, Released Sept. 15, 2010,

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