With the wheels having been set in motion more than three years ago, the United States officially exited the Paris climate agreement on Wednesday, November 4, 2020.

The Institute for Energy Research has covered the agreement since its conception and has an extensive well of analysis on Paris that can be viewed here.

Among the primary points IER has presented over the years are:

  • The Paris Agreement will not achieve its stated global warming mitigation goals through the commitments on paper;
  • the commitments on paper, known as Intended Nationally Determined Contributions, are unlikely to be met and lack meaningful enforcement;
  • and the Paris Agreement permits the continued expansion of reliable energy deployment in some countries, like China, while restricting its use elsewhere, such as in the United States.

IER recommends the following articles as a Paris primer:


The following audio-visual resources may also be of use:

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